Exploring the implementation of soft pedagogical documents in public secondary schools: A case study in Nyamasheke District, Rwanda
Onesme Niyibizi 1 *
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1 African Center of Excellence for Innovative Teaching and Learning Mathematics and Science, College of Education, University of Rwanda, Kigali, RWANDA* Corresponding Author


This study employed a qualitative research design to investigate the utilization of soft pedagogical documents among twelve mathematics teachers in five purposively sampled public secondary schools. Data was collected through interviews and analyzed thematically. The study, rooted in social constructivism theory, discovered a mixed pattern in the implementation of soft pedagogical documents. Scheme of works and notes summary were widely acknowledged as a guide for structuring the academic year, but only a minority of teachers consistently applied it. Lesson plans, crucial for effective teaching, faced challenges in adherence due to time constraints and heavy workloads. Tools like class diary and attendance register were considered essential, yet compliance varied. Marks records and evaluation records, vital for assessing student progress, proved challenging for half of the teachers. Unit assessment records and homework records suffered from inconsistent implementation. While exercises records and formative records were recognized for tracking student learning, their effective use remained infrequent. Despite disparities, the soft pedagogical documents played a crucial role in shaping the educational setting. The study highlighted the need for targeted interventions and support mechanisms to enhance consistent implementation across all documents.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

PEDAGOGICAL RES, 2024, Volume 9, Issue 2, Article No: em0196


Publication date: 01 Apr 2024

Online publication date: 26 Feb 2024

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